Different Types Of Malware
Names of different types of malware. Please read the rest of this article, and you will fully understand what I am referring to the same thing and the answer is, technically n; they are different, and we’re going to go over what these differences are, whether it’s how they spread or what these things do to your computer. So maybe it’s just out of curiosity, or it can help you protect your computer in the future. The first term we can go over is pretty simple: malware, which refers to malicious software. It’s an all-encompassing term.
Any software that harms a computer, and all the terms we’ll be talking about in this video, could be considered malware. It’s like an umbrella term, but there are lots of suburbs. So we’re going to go over the different categories and types of malware. There are too many. When it comes down to me,t all malware usually has the same goal: to make money illegally for the malware’s creators. The first term we can discuss is computer virus, which is generally the term that most people use all the time, but it’s not a common type of malware. We’ll get to that in a bit. But regardless, a computer virus is the name for malicious software that,t when executed, replicates itself by modifying files for other programs and possibly including the operating system itself, so that way because these files are limited to now include the virus. Whenever that program or the operating system has started, it will also run the virus code, which could be, for several reasons, feeling personal information.
It is taking control of the computer and using its computer power or storage for something that the author of the virus wanted lots of typical virus stuff you can imagine. Still, the main differentiator for a virus is that it remains dormant until the user is fruitier. And then when,s, it replicates itself in some way, this file may come in the form of an s e file, which is executed directly. Or perhaps it’s embedded in a macro in a Microsoft word document or something like that. So when you run the program. Soft word. It exploits that, executes,s and embeds itself in the rest of the computer. So again, downloading the file is not enough to infect your computer. But once you do run it, presumably thinking it’s something else.
Then it does its virus thing, and it may spread itself by sending out an email to all your contacts the same way it was infecting you that way. Perhaps it puts itself in the upload folder for bit Torrent. So,n it also uploaded itself to the file-sharing service so other people would download it—something like that. So really, the term virus has two qualities that describe how it spreads: itself replicates, and it’s also run manually by a user now the neck. The term might seem a bit similar, and that is computer work. So this alsoself-replicatess, But it also hasa significantt differenct. Unlike a virus, which needs to be manually run by the user, a computer worm can spread itself automatically without user intervention. So this means it doesn’t need a host program to run like MS-word or the file you need to run.
It can do this automatically. It scans for other computers on the network that it can infect, and then it does so automatically if it’s able to; of course, a worm will probably also have the ability to be run manually by a user and infect computers. That might be how it initially gets started within a network and then spreads automatically from that first person doing it. Worms spread using vulnerabilities and exploits of operating systems themselves to infect all the computers.
Network. So once one compares infected,d it scans. As I said, all the other computers and networks of any other computers have that same vulnerability and then infect them automatically without any user transferring files. It all happens automatically in the background from the virus itself. And if you’re wondering, wait a minute. How can the worm spread to other computers? If the user isn’t even running it? Well, it shouldn’t be able to, and that’s why it is an exploit of the vulnerability. The operating system is not designed to work.
That, but for whatever reason, the worm can trick the operating system and not only download that file and download the worm but also run it with zero user intervention because of that exploit. Again, the term worm only describes the software based on how it spreads and replicates. It doesn’t say or define what it does once it does things. Most computer worms
Don’t contain a so-called payload, which is like side code that will do virus stuff that you typically think of, like spying on it or damaging the computer, so it might just spread just for the heck of spreading. But that doesn’t mean it won’t harm the network; it still uses CPU power and bandwidth. But if it does happen to have a payload, it could do any number of things that you typically associate with malware.
Such as encrypting files for ransom, wear, spying and stealing credit card information, or even installing a so-called backdoor, which might allow the computer to be controlled by the creator of the worm and then added into a part in it to do all sorts of nasty things as a group with other computers and worms are just one more example of why you need to keep your operating system up to date because that’s just one example of software. They can take advantage of exploits in your operating system. Usually, older versions after they have been Covered, and people don’t update. And it’s a hacker’s dream to take advantage of these things. And really, it’s so easy to avoid. Keep your software up to date, so viruses and worms spread themselves and replicate themselves in one way or another, manually by the user or automatically through a worm. But plenty of other types of malware don’t repeat themselves but are just as destructive.
Spyware and trojans
So the next type we can mention is our Trojans or a Trojan horse which is a type of malware that misrepresents itself as a standard or benign program, but really in the background, will be doing evil things, so it tricks the user into installing it because it thinks it’s something else and thinks that’s something legitimate,e. Trojans are the most common type of malware out there, and they may look like a program they may run. They may do their intended purpose, like if it’s a calculator, app, or something. It might be able to calculate things and look like a calculator. But its primary purpose is to get you down.
Loaded, thinking it was just a calculator. And then it does all this stuff behind the scenes without you knowing. Other widespread examples are fake antivirus programs that tell you Oh, look how many computer viruses and infections we found you better by our premium package to remove all these when, in reality, the program itself is the virus. It’s fake, and the Trojans can be spread in any number of ways that you can imagine, such as spam email attachments that come out of the blue.
They might be fake advertisements or social media stuff like that. But again, the main differentiator between the Trojans and, say, a virus is that a true GYN doesn’t inject itself into other files of other programs. It doesn’t replicate itself and send it to other people or anything like that. If it did, it would be considered a virus. So those three categories, viruses, worms, and Trojans, typically describe how the malware spreads, but they don’t talk about how much or what damage they do.
Once they do, there are categories for that that we can talk about. Next, the first of these is spyware, which, just as the name suggests, is software malware that spies on you where you collect information from the compute,r and then send it somewhere else. Technically, spyware could include programs that aren’t even illegal,l like you do give them permission to spy on you and collect information but usually,y the vast majority of the time, when someone says Spyware. Referring to malware that did not get your permission to collect any information, it is malicious, and spySpyere could come in many different flavors. For example, it could be a key logger that collects every letter you type in, hoping to collect passwords, credit card numbers, bank accounts, etc. It may also monitor what you’re doing online and what is monitoring your Web traffic.
To be able to inject things into it, such as advertisements or maybe replacing links with affiliate links or advertisements to websites that it wasn’t necessarily going to direct to, and usually, malware that adds advertisements to your computer and one way or another is typically referred to as adware. So it may be that some of the malware that we talk about in this video may fall under multiple categories. Another couple big categories are scare wear and ransomware may be considered a
Category of a scare where we’ll get to that. But scare wear is typically malware that tricks the user into paying money or doing something by scaring them or threatening them. One example might be a virus, intrusion, or whatever pops up on the screen. A big thing that says the FBI is arresting you. Unless you pay up this money as a fine or something like that, it scares you like, Oh, my God, I don’t want to get arrested, and then some people might pay or a lot like those IRS scams you get on.
The phone. It might be something similar on the computer that says If you don’t send this much Bitcoin to this address, then the IRS will arrest you,u and you’re going to jail. But it doesn’t necessarily have to threaten you. It could be again to scare you. A lot of advertisements, for example, are sketchy. You’ve probably seen them. It says your computer is infected with so many viruses. Click here.
To clean your computer and all that sort of thing. It doesn’t know if your computer is infected or not,t is just trying to scare you into doing it. That would be scary Work. Now. Ransomware is a form of a scare that will typically hold your computer hostage in one way or another. Until you usually pay some amount of money. Sometimes ransomware may be bluffing, and i.tIt only locks your computer in a way that’s pretty easy to reverse. If you know what you’re doing, and it doesn’t affect any of your files, But other times, ransomware has teeth. It actually will encrypt your files, for example, and it says, if you don’t pay us this amount of money within this amount of time, we’re going to destroy the decryption key,y and your files will be gone.
And the reason they do this is that if people know that their software out there that this one isn’t bluffing, then they’re a lot more likely to pay up to get their files back at the.m Bagged up, for example, all right now the final type of malware we’re going to talk about this video, at least, is route kits and route kits usually take over the computer by gaining elevated privileges or administrative privileges, privileges. And the name root kid comes from the term route privileges, which means something that has control over the deepest, most secure.
Parts of the operating system. And because this type of malware does have such profound control over the computer can hide very well. It has power over everything. It can even hide by not even including itself in the list of processes like in the task manager or something like that complete control, And this means it’s going to be very, very hard to remove, if not impossible, because it will even have control over the programs that are meant to remove it, such antivirus programs. It could prevent you. From installing antivirus programs. You can stop there are any fire programs from running stuff like that. So a lot of times, especially if the rootkit is embedded in the kernel, which is the core of the operating system. Usually, if you get a rootkit, the best thing is to completely wipe the drive and reinstall the operating system from scratch because you don’t know if you removed everything. And if it’s still hiding and waiting to reinstall itself later, word kits usually can install themselves using an operating system vulnerable.
Reason exploits, as we talked about, stealing admin credentials or using credentials that were found to take over then. Now, at this point, you might be worried. You’re like, Oh, how do I protect myself? And there are three things you can do that will almost certainly protect you 99% of the time. And the first of these is to, of course, keep your operating system and software up to date. I said this so many times.
Do not skip Windows, updates, updates as soon as you get the ability to and that way, if you get a zero-day vulnerability, which is something that was just discovered and released immediately to the public, hackers will be jumping on that to try and get people who don’t update right away. So keep stuff up to date. Then you’ll be protected from any exploits. The next important thing. I repeated this to back up your data and have backup copies of your data.
Hopefully on an external hard drive that is not connected to the computer. So ransomware can’t encrypt the backup as well. Or using something like cloud backup that is off-site this way. If you get malware that harms your files or does something else to your computer that requires a reinstallation of your OS. It will be way easier to recover them, especially in the case of ransomware. And finally, the third major thing is to use some antivirus. I mean, it’s better than nothing to have the one built into your Computers, such as Windows Defender or whatever it’s called now. Again better than nothing if you know what you’re doing, But ideally, you use an antivirus called Internet security, which usually kind scans for things coming across the network and usually can block things before they ever even get to your computer. And many of the antiviruses also had anti-ransomware features that would stop the program from running. If it seems that it’s modifying files like ransomware might do if you’re looking for suggestions for some options for any viruses.
One Good option is Bitdefender full disclosure. They did sponsor a previous video of mine, but they’re not sponsoring this one. There’s no sponsor for this video. Another good option is set. Non 32. I’ve used them in the past and haven’t had any problems. But you can go on Google and search the best antivirus current year at the end of it and look at tests and see which one is the best trip the current year, so hopefully, that clears things up. If you don’t know the differences between the names of other types of malware, you do. You might better understand how certain types of malware spread so you can better defend your computer against it. You’ll know what you’re up against. You can keep watching by clicking other videos if you want.
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